Friday, 30 April 2021 13:12

Estonia joins Lithuania in claim for ‘geographic centre of Europe’

The Capitals brings you the latest news from across Europe, through on-the-ground reporting by EURACTIV’s media network. You can subscribe to the newsletter here.

Before you start reading today’s edition of the Capitals, feel free to have a look at the article European Commission reopens gene editing’s box amid sustainability claims, by Natasha Foote and Gerardo Fortuna.

Also feel free to have a look at the article European Parliament backs EU’s €7.9 billion defence fund, by Alexandra Brzozowski.

The European news you deserve to read. Welcome to The Capitals by EURACTIV.

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In today’s news from the Capitals:


The Estonian island of Saaremaa plans to unveil a monument to mark the island as the “geographic centre of Europe”, along with at least five Central and Eastern European countries Lithuania, Ukraine, Slovakia, Belarus, and Poland which lay claim to the continent’s geographic midpoint. Read more.



European Commission looks forward to clinching travel pass with EU Parliament. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on Thursday welcomed the adoption by the European Parliament of its negotiating position on plans for a digital pass proving COVID-19 testing, recovery or vaccination to facilitate travel, pending negotiations with the Portuguese EU Council presidency. Read more.



Germany says new EU COVID-19 vaccine contracts have clear rules on delivery shortfalls. The EU’s contracts for COVID-19 vaccines to be delivered in 2022/23 contain clear rules on what would happen if the vaccine makers do not deliver, Germany’s Health Minister Jens Spahn said on Thursday, signalling the bloc had learned its lesson after troubles with AstraZeneca.

The European Commission has launched legal proceedings against the Anglo-Swedish firm for not respecting its contract for the supply of COVID-19 vaccines, and for not having a “reliable” plan to ensure timely deliveries. (



France to bar entry to some Lebanese officials hindering progress. France said on Thursday it had started putting in measures to limit some Lebanese officials from entering the country on the grounds that they were blocking efforts to find a solution to the political and economic crisis. Read more.

In other news, French President Emmanuel Macron charts four-stage plan to ease COVID-19 restrictions, announcing four major dates for the lifting of restrictions in France. As a first step, the ban on travelling more than 10 kilometres from one’s place of residence will be lifted on 3 May. On 19 May, the curfew will start at 9 pm instead of the current 7 pm, and terraces of restaurants, museums, theatres, cinemas and non-essential shops will open again, the president told regional newspapers on Thursday.

The start of curfew will again be pushed back to 11 pm on 9 June, when sports centres, indoor restaurants and bars will be allowed to open again. (Clara Bauer-Babef |



UK cod-out after Norway talks collapse. Talks between the UK and Norway on a new fishing agreement collapsed on Thursday, with ministers claiming that the Oslo government had rejected a “fair offer”. Read more.

In other news, EU ministers agreed their position on a four-year Brexit Adjustment Reserve worth €5 billion on Thursday, designed to help businesses cover losses and the additional costs imposed under the new post-Brexit trade agreement. Read the full story.



Sinn Fein’s controversial voter database taken offline again. Irish republican and socialist democratic party, Sinn Fein, has taken its voter database offline for the second time after having shut the original portal for the system after details of its existence were published by an Irish newspaper. Read more.



Helsinki-Tallinn railway tunnel to strengthen transport cooperation. Finland and Estonia’s aim to improve infrastructure and connections both inside the region and to destinations in Central Europe took a significant step forward on Monday with the signing of a new memorandum proposing a railway tunnel between Helsinki and Tallinn. Read more.



Italian recovery plan to be submitted to EU Commission. Italy’s recovery plan received its final approval from the Council of Ministers Thursday and will be submitted to the European Commission on Friday, in line with the deadline set by the EU executive. Alongside the €220 billion plan financed by the Next Generation EU funds, a complementary fund worth €30.6 billion for infrastructure was also approved.

“We are among the first countries to submit the national recovery plan to the Commission. There are more than €220 billion in play that will be used to invest in skills, create jobs and start big projects in line with green transition and digitalisation objectives”, said Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio. “Around €100 billion will be destined to the South of Italy, to ensure all Italians have the same opportunities”, he added. (Alessandro Follis |



Spanish unemployment rate drops to 16%. Spain lost 137,500 jobs in the first quarter of the year, according to a recent survey published by Spain’s National Statistical Institute (INE). Despite this, both the number of unemployed and the unemployment rate has decreased. Read the full story.



‘No common ground’ in Cyprus talks in Geneva. No common ground was found to restart the negotiations on the Cyprus issue, after an unofficial five-way meeting held in Geneva which ended in deadlock after three days of talks, the UN announced on Thursday. Read more.



Polish recovery plan sent to Brussels, despite divided opinions. Poland will submit its national recovery plan to the European Commission on Friday despite the document still dividing the Polish political scene. Read more.



EU Parliament supports Czechia, calls on EU to expel Russian diplomats. The European Parliament passed a resolution on Thursday calling on EU countries to coordinate the expulsion of Russian diplomats in reaction to the 2014 Vrbetice ammunition depot explosion in the Czech Republic. Read more.



Bratislava port to get its own €40 million LNG terminal. Slovakia is to get a new Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal worth €40 million aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants in inland waterway transport on the Danube river, the state-owned investor Public Ports company has said. Read more.





Bulgarian Socialists to receive mandate to form a government. Bulgarian President Rumen Radev will give the mandate for the formation of the government to the Bulgarian socialists on Saturday (1 May), his office announced on Thursday. The two previous attempts to form a cabinet following the 4 April general elections failed. Read more.



Croatian government to implement recovery plan. “The national recovery and resilience plan is important for developing resilience to crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic, and the government will implement it relying on its experience and political will,” Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenković told reporters on Thursday. Read more.


In other news, most Croatian banks still do not consider climate change to be a serious threat to their business, a survey carried out by the Croatian National Bank (HNB) showed on Thursday. The survey was presented as part of an online conference called “The Role of Banks in Greening Our Economies”, organised by the HNB and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

According to the survey, only two banks have a climate change-related strategy included in their overall business strategy, expressing concern about risks and anticipating possible changes to the regulatory framework. However, 15 banks said they were waiting for the regulators to take initial steps. (Željko Trkanjec |



Vaccinated Serbian, Hungarian, citizens allowed to cross border without quarantine, testing. Serbian Foreign Minister Nikola Selaković and his Hungarian counterpart, Péter Szijjártó on Thursday agreed to accept and recognise all vaccine certificates, regardless of which vaccine was received. Read more.






“The intention of this government is to form a commission that, in agreement with the Croatian side, will try to solve a very complex problem. We need to resolve this because of EU integration because they will not tolerate unresolved bilateral issues in the accession process,” Krivokapić told parliament. “I hope this commission will help resolve this problem,” he added. (Željko Trkanjec |



Netflix recognises Kosovo, media sees it as sign of recognition. Online streaming platform Netflix has added Kosovo to its list of countries when people sign up, something local media has characterised as recognition of the state of Kosovo. Read more.


  • Italy: The regions’ colour coding system will be reassessed to decide on the possible easing of COVID-19 measures, which would come into force on Monday.
  • Portugal/Spain: Land border between Portugal and Spain will reopen for all travel on Saturday after more than three months of restrictions and border checks as Lisbon ends state of emergency
  • Spain: The bodies of David Beriain and Roberto Fraile, the two Spanish journalists killed in an attack on an anti-poaching patrol in Burkina Faso on Tuesday, will arrive at the Madrid-Barajas airport on Friday.
  • Poland/Lithuania: Presidents of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Ukraine expected in Warsaw on Monday to celebrate the anniversary of the 1791 Constitution of the Lithuanian-Polish Commonwealth, which Warsaw and Vilnius consider being the first written constitution in Europe.
  • Croatia: Italian Foreign Minister Luigi di Maio and his Croatian counterpart Gordan Grlić Radman will visit Sisak-Moslavina county, which was devastated by an earthquake last December.
  • Bulgaria: Although Sunday is the Orthodox Easter and Friday is Saint George, a national holiday, the political week in Bulgaria will be hot in terms of events auguring snap elections in July.


[Edited by Alexandra Brzozowski, Daniel Eck, Paula Kenny, Zoran Radosavljevic, Josie Le Blond]